Madrid is Spain’s capital city. It is today an important cultural center and a major tourist destination. Particularly renowned are Museo del Prado, Retiro Park, Cibeles Palace (now the Townhall), Plaza Mayor and the Royal Palace.
More information: Turismo de Madrid
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TEMPERATURE AND CLIMATE
Madrid has a mild climate: Winters are more rainy and average temperature along the year is 13.7ºC and average precipitation of 450 mm. Köppen-Geiger climate classification is Csa
The time in Spain is GMT + 1 hour. More information
Electricity supply is 220 volts throughout Spain with 2 pin wall sockets. Most electrical equipment from European countries that utilize 240 volts (e.g. UK and Ireland) will function adequately with the proper plug adapter.
Most electrical equipment from countries where the electricity supply is 110 volts (e.g. US) a transformer would be required to step down the voltage to 110 volts. Damage to the electrical appliance can occur if you attempt to use a 110 volt rated appliance with a 220 volt supply. The power cord of some type of devices (p.e. most laptops) includes the transformer. Check the labelling before usage.
It is required by Spanish law that a photographic identification be carried with you at all times. This may be a passport, driving license or national identity card. With a tightening of security in the city it is highly recommended that you carry round with you at least a photocopy of your passport should you be asked for it.
To call Madrid from outside Spain you need to dial (+34) for Spain.
In the tourist areas you will have people who speak English as well as Spanish however more off the beaten track most people will only speak Spanish.
Madrid is however a very cosmopolitan European city with many tourist visitors each year so you should not have any real problems communicating.